Water table control and fertilization for pine production in the flatwoods by E H White

Cover of: Water table control and fertilization for pine production in the flatwoods | E   H White

Published by Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida in [Gainesville] .

Written in English

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  • Florida.


  • Pine -- Florida.,
  • Pine -- Water requirements.,
  • Pine -- Fertilizers.

Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. 40-41.

Book details

Statement[by] E. H. White and W. L. Pritchett.
ContributionsPritchett, William L., joint author., University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.
LC ClassificationsSD397.P55 W47
The Physical Object
Pagination41 p.
Number of Pages41
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL5172886M
LC Control Number74637365

Download Water table control and fertilization for pine production in the flatwoods

Both fertilizing and water-table control significantly increased height and biomass of slash (Pinus elliottii var. elliottii Engelm.) and loblolly (Pinus taeda L.) pines on a Leon soil formed over marine sands, strongly acid, low in nutrients and with a spodic horizon in the cm zone. The effects of the treatments were by: Both fertilizer application and control of the water table significantly increased the height and biomass of Pinus elliottii var.

elliottii and P. taeda growing on a Leon soil over marine sands, strongly acid, low in nutrients and with a spodic horizon in the to cm zone. Response to fertilizer increased with decreasing depth of water by: Water table control and fertilization for pine production in the flatwoods By E.

White and W. Pritchett Publisher: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida,Author: E. White and W. Pritchett. Flatwoods soils are found on nearly level to gently sloping flat areas where the water table rises to within 5 to 20 in.

of the soil surface from 1 to 4 days, one or more times each growing season. Their sandy surface horizon ranges in color from light gray (salt and pepper like) on moderately well drained soils to black (with a greasy texture.

Abstract. Fertilization is a silvicultural practice used for increasing forestland productivity in the southern U.S. Effective operational use of fertilizers requires diagnostic systems, used individually or in combination, that accurately identify site nutrient status, needs, and potential by: Long-Term Effects of Site Preparation Treatments, Complete Competition Control, and Repeated Fertilization on Growth of Slash Pine Plantations in the Flatwoods of the Southeastern United States.

The most widely used NPK fertilizers for pine straw production are listed in Table 2. Urea is the most frequently used nitrogen fertilizer in southern pine silviculture because of its high N concentration and competitive price. However, as urea degrades, it releases ammonium (NH 4 +) ions and ammonia gas (NH 3).

Ammonia is subject to volatile. WATER AND FERTILIZER MANAGEMENT OF MICROIRRIGATED FRESH MARKET TOMATOES Water and Fertilizer Management of Micro-Irrigated Tomato Production on Sandy Soi Water Harvesting and Recycling Ebb and Flow System in a Container Nursery Water Management for Citrus Production in the Florida Flatwoods WATER MANAGEMENT OF WETLAND CITRUS IN FLORIDA.

Slash pine is an important commercial conifer that grows on the coastal plains of the southeastern United States (∼ latitude 30°N) in soils that generally have shallow water seems to be less of a limiting factor to stand growth than nutrient (nitrogen) supply (Gholz et al., ).Stand fertilization with N, P, K, and ground limestone applied quarterly over 4 years caused an.

Fertilization is used to correct inherent site nutrient deficiencies such a limited phosphorus on wet flatwoods sites and on some upland coastal plain sites, to boost growth of established plantations, and to replace nutrients removed in pine straw harvests. These sites were originally established by the USDA Forest Service and Union Camp Corporation to evaluate the effects of three site preparation treatments on water table levels, seedling survival and growth on wet flats near Franklin, Virginia (Young,Langdon, ).InVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State University superimposed a fertilization study over the original study.

Gardner, W. Soil properties and efficient water use: an overview. Pages 45–64 In Limitations to Efficient Water Use in Crop Production (H.

M R. Environmental change after site preparation and slash pine planting on a flatwoods site. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv., Southeast. Water table control and fertilization for pine. Forests in the Southeast USA are predicted to experience a moderate decrease in precipitation inputs over this century that may result in soil water deficiency during the growing season.

The potential impact of a drier climate on the productivity of managed loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantations in the Southeast USA is uncertain. Access to water reserves in deep soil during drought. Pine production in Florida, as well as in much of the lower flatwoods region-a region characterized by flat to undulating topography, high fluctuating water tables, and generally coarse, sandy topsoils, except where broken by lakes, sinkholes, and of 3-year-old trees in site preparation-fertilization Site Preparation Avg.

Control Disced. In general, fertilizers are not recommended for pine plantations in the sandhills due to moisture limitations. However, lb DAP/acre may be effectively used on young sand pine, while urea is sometimes recommended for older stands of sand pine on excessively drained sands.

Click on the link below for more information on. Table 1. Fertilizer recommended in small farms. Fertilizer Months after planting Amount per Plant (g) Amount per Hectare (kg) Number of Bags per Hectare (50 kg bag) Ammonium sulfate 2 10 10 Muriate of potash 2 5 5 Ammonium phosphate 4 10 10 Muriate of potash 4 5 5 Ammonium sulfate 6 10 Fertilization with P on wet ”flatwoods“ sites is often critical to insure stand establishment and growth.

This is normally done during the site preparation and bedding operation using ground rock phosphate, triple super phosphate, and ordinary super phosphate. P applied at planting has a long lasting response of 15 to 20 years. However, on sites with a shallow water table bedding will increase rooting space, aeration and increase seedling survival and growth.

On droughty sites, bedding can be used if the site is irrigated and vegetation is controlled. These treatments are the standard for contemporary slash pine plantation management.

Control of weeds, woody shrub, and. Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) forests are of great ecological and economic value in the southeastern United States, where nutrient availability frequently limits productivity.

The impact of fertilizer application on the growth and water relations of loblolly pine has been investigated by numerous studies; however, few field experiments have examined the effects of drought.

the productivity of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) over a period approximately equal to a pulpwood rotation (18 years). The experiment consisted of a 2 x 2 factorial combination of complete and sustained weed control and annual fertilization.

Rainfall and evapotranspiration are the major water input and output respectively, of pine flatwoods ecosystems. Water movement in pine flatwoods ecosystems can be modeled adequately by a coupled surface-subsurface forest hydrological model.

Specific tasks were as follows: 1. Hydrologic variables used in this assessment include water table level, drainage, and storm flow on different spatial and temporal scales. hydrology of pine flatwoods in Florida. Water Resour. Fertilization of pine plantations in the South has increased dramatically with over 1, acres fertilized in alone.

Fertilization is used to correct inherent site nutrient deficiencies such a limited phosphorus on wet flatwoods sites and on some upland coastal plain sites, to boost growth of. Refer to Fertilization to Enhance Pine Straw Production (Dickens et. a) on for more specific fertilization recommendations for pine straw production.

Table 3. Unprocessed broiler litter nutrient content analyzed by UGA Agricultural and. table and significantly affect tree water relations. To optimize production and tree health, the level of this water table should be monitored and maintained within an optimal zone.

Simple and practical observation wells can normally produce adequate information. Water Table Behavior. The water table under flatwoods citrus may rise rapidly in. “FERTILIZATION AND IRRIGATION: Theory and Best Practices” The edition of the e-book focuses on plant nutrition and fertilization management practices.

All explained in a clear, easy-to-read manner. Click here for the Spanish version. The book covers the. Traditional loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) forest management requires infrequent nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) applications, preferably two to three times during a 25 to 30 year growth cycle [], unlike a switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.)/pine system, which requires annual N and P fertilizer applications to maximize production [].Understanding how drainage water exports N and P after fertilizer.

ORGANIC FERTILIZATION MANAGEMENT INTRODUCTION The nutrient requirements of the crop rotation system are mainly provided by green manure (green fallow land as a first pre-crop). All of the remnants from the pineapples production should be spread over the soil (composting or mulching).

Make compost an essential part of your fertilization programme. Fertilization of Pine Plantations in the Southern United States Thomas Fox, Rafael Rubilar, Jose Stape Vegetation control. Fertilization. Thinning. Resources. Light Nutrients Water Temperature. 2 O 2. Leaf Area. Site. Climate. Soil Nutrient Dynamics in the Flatwoods CRIFF C,D,G.

Soil N & P Supply. Stand Age. Relative Amount. From previous work, these data allow water table depth to be transformed into soil water potentials over a landscape. These data are then useful in using SSAND to look at how water table changes may influence nutrient uptake.

Define the uptake characteristics of woody roots of southern pine. Pine plantations usually undergo a final harvest between 25 and 45 years of age, but shorter rotation crops of 15 to 18 years are also considered. Silviculture practices include but are not limited to: site preparation, prescribed burning, tree planting, weed control, fertilization, and thinning (Alig et al., ).

Managing Water and Fertilizer for Sustainable Agricultural Intensification A reference guide to improve general understanding of the best management practices for the use of water and fertilizers throughout the world to enhance crop production, improve farm profitability and resource efficiency, and reduce.

Hydrologic processes on relatively low-gradient poorly drained forested landscapes of the lower coastal plain are usually dominated by shallow water table positions.

Most of the outflows (surface runoff and subsurface drainage) from these watersheds in fact drain from saturated areas where the water is at the surface or a shallow water table is. 1 E X T E N S I ON Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Hendry County Extension, P.O.

LaBelle, FL () Flatwoods Citrus Table of Contents Upcoming Events In addition, individual trees of selected families of slash pine (Pinus elliottii Engelm. var elliottii) permitted evaluation of a fifth factor (progeny). Of all factors investigated, nutrients and competition were by far the most important in limiting tree and stand growth on a some-what poorly drained flatwoods spodosol.

Aims Our objective was to assess the impacts of water table position and plant functional type on peat struc-ture, plant community composition and aboveground plant production. Methods We initiated a full factorial experiment with 2 water table (WT) treatments (high and low) and 3 plant functional groups (PFG: sedge, Ericaceae, sedge and.

Enviro Unit 3 - Water study guide by Annamarie_Manin includes questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades.

This adjustable water table control structure, attached to the collector outlet, has a vertical riser through which water can be pumped for sub-irrigation.

With pumped drainage outlets, the pumping system can be designed and managed to maintain a desired water level in the sumps, and thus in the field. fertilization.

Rainfall is readily absorbed on protected areas and retained by the soils. Runoff during rains is moderate on unprotected areas and the erosion hazard is moderate." "cH2O","2e6","In normal years these soils have a seasonal high water table at a depth of between 60 and 72 inches for 1 to 4 months. In other months the water table.

dicity of the fluctuating water table and its effect on the redox environment of the soil, will determine whether these areas are wetlands. The objectives of this study were (i) to evaluate the relationship between water table depth and redox environment for a typical pine flatwoods/cypress swamp landscape and (ii) to use this relationship to contrast the amount of the study area that would.

Net primary production allocation. The two understorey‐eliminated plots had greater needle production than the control plots.

The effect of fertilization (main effect) on branches, needles and total tree net primary production (NPP) was close to statistically significance (P = 009, 007, 006 for branches, needles and tree total, respectively) ().The second watershed was later thinned in July to evaluate the thinning effects on hydrology and water quality.

Both of the treatment watersheds were later fertilized in September to study the effects of fertilization and the water quality of these drained pine plantations through   water table above the normal seasonal high water table depth." "dCUL","3w3","These soils have severe limitations for cultivated crops because of wetness in wet seasons and droughtiness during periods of low rainfall.

With a total water management system these soils are well suited to a variety of flower and vegetable crops.

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