Historical, cultural and religious factors of Pakistan society influencing physical education. by Sakina Akbar Sial

Cover of: Historical, cultural and religious factors of Pakistan society influencing physical education. | Sakina Akbar Sial

Published by Microform Publications, College of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, University of Oregon in Eugene .

Written in English

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Edition Notes

Thesis (M.S.) Brigham Young University, 1972.

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Pagination1 microfiche :
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Open LibraryOL16390797M

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Today’s post is the final post in a six-part series reviewing the historical and current context of education in Pakistan. These posts include: Introduction Ancient India – Hindu and Buddhist Influences Islamic Influences British Influences A Separate Nation Education in Present-Day Pakistan (this post) Some of the information in this series is drawn from the book.

Until now, in-depth cultural information on Pakistan, a predominantly Muslim country formed in after the dissolution of British rule in India, has been scarce. This crucial South Asian hotspot, in the news for tensions with neighboring India over nuclear capacity and security issues, finally is illuminated for general readers.

This narrative encapsulates the historical pluralistic 5/5(2). Religion and education in Pakistan: an overview.

June visible in all spheres of society, e.g. Law, cultural traditions, education, and even in the historical past and are a part of.

The official language of Pakistan is Urdu, but most public officials, people, and others in Pakistan also speak English; English is referred to as the informal official language of Pakistan.

Urdu was created by combining the languages of early invaders and settlers, including Arabic, Persian, and Turkish.

and preparing its members well to keep the society going. To do this, it expresses its culture and teaches it. In this way, transmitting culture becomes education itself, as education is not possible without a living culture and society Education transmits culture in a number of ways, for example; 1.

Teaching languages for education that is, tools for communication e.g. Kiswahili, English. Contents: Decline of the Mughals British Rule The War of Independence.

Languages Religious Thinkers Sir Syed Ahmed Khan Decline of the Mughals: Reasons: Aurangzeb’s religious reforms Reinstituted Jizya Tax on non-Muslims.

Destroyed Hindu Temples Enforced Islamic Laws Banned Suttee (Hindu Tradition) All of which led to Hindu’s (who formed a large part of India) [ ].

Cultural Factors. The idea of culture is vital to understanding the implications for translation and, despite the differences of opinion as to whether language is a part of culture or not, the two are connected. Culture factors range from syntax, ideologies, religion, language and dialect, to.

Genes that influence physical traits are not linked to any other genes. Genes that influence traits like intelligence and artistic abilities do not respond quickly to environmental pressures.

While the United States and Brazil are the largest multiracial countries in the Western Hemisphere, race cultural and religious factors of Pakistan society influencing physical education. book been treated differently in each country.

Pakistan’s growth in its education department has been hindered by a multitude of factors. Social (Racial, Religious) Pakistan is a country that has and is influenced by many cultures.

With the influence of religious extremism, factors like gender discrimination strongly affect the education system. Social and cultural factors in extension. Contents - Previous - Next. Social structure Culture Social and cultural change Social and cultural barriers to agricultural change.

Farmers and their families are members of the society in which they live. In any society there are strong pressures on its members to behave in certain ways. These factors being inadequate are affecting school effectiveness. Pakistan has a tremendous diversity of language, culture, tradition and ethnicity, which play a major role in the lives of the.

HISTORICAL FACTORS THAT INFLUENCES CURICULUM DEVELOPMENT IN INDUSTRIAL TECHNICAL EDUCATION. Thanks to its historical, geographical and ethnic diversity, Pakistan’s culture is a melting pot of Indian, Persian, Afghan, Central Asian, South Asian and Western Asian influences.

There are over 15 major ethnic groups in Pakistan, which differ in physical features, historical. The Pakistani textbooks controversy relates to the reported inaccuracy of most Pakistani textbooks and Historical existence of historical revisionism in them.

The content of Pakistan's official textbooks has often been criticised by several sources including many within Pakistan for sometimes promoting religious intolerance and Indophobia, leading to calls for curriculum reform.

Laws of the Government and social traditions and laws laid down by religion. Though there are many other factors which may be included in culture and its affects on the society but as our objective is to understand the influence of culture on consumer behaviour “we define culture as the sum total of learned beliefs, values and customs that serve to direct the consumer behaviour of.

As such, in the study of comparative education we should study the factors which make the education of a country national. These factors include geographical, economic, social, cultural, historical, religions, political, language and technological.

In this chapter we shall study some such factors. The nation of Pakistan is still young, but human history in the area reaches back for tens of thousands of years. In recent history, Pakistan has been inextricably linked in the world's view with the extremist movement of al Qaeda and with the Taliban, based in neighboring Pakistani government is in a delicate position, caught between various factions within the country, as.

Factors and forces influencing on curriculum development Subjects which has gender education andSubjects which has gender education and political economy have proved difficult topolitical economy have proved difficult to include in the curriculum because of theinclude in the curriculum because of the resistance from some religious groups.

ADVERTISEMENTS: Factors influencing Globalization are as follows: (1) Historical (2) Economy (3) Resources and Markets (4) Production Issues (5) Political (6) Industrial Organisation (7) Technologies. Globalisation though is basically an economic activity, is influenced by many factors.

ADVERTISEMENTS: The important factors are: (1) Historical: The trade routes were made over the. ADVERTISEMENTS: The following points highlight the four main factors influencing learning. The factors are: 1. Physiological Factors 2. Psychological Factors 3.

Environmental Factors 4. Methodology of Instructions. Physiological Factors: The physiological factors are sense perception, physical health, fatigue time and day of learning, food and drink, age and atmospheric conditions. Sense.

The common features of their education system include monopoly of the state control on education, secularism, physical and military training political indoctrination in and out of school 3) Nationalism Nationalism could be defined as a psychological feeling within a group which believes they have common outlook and traditions based on myth of.

Education is related to one’s position in the stratification structure in two ways. (1) An evaluation of one’s status is partially decided by what kind of education one has received and (2) Many of the other important criteria of class position such as occupation, income and style of life are partially the result of the type and amount of education one has had.

Pakistani culture has a great influenced by the surrounded cultures of India and Middle East. Our youth is taking inspirations from Turkish and Indian dramas. Even in our own dramas and films we are not able to seen our own culture.

In result our youth and young children’s are away of our own cultural and social values. Key Difference – Social vs Cultural Factors Although both Social and Cultural factors are deeply related, there is a clear difference between the two sets.

When paying attention to various social phenomena, one cannot ignore the influence of social and cultural factors that shape, change, and develop the phenomenon. Religious Influence in Society. by L. Ron Hubbard. An early 20th-century philosopher spoke of the impending decline of the West.

What he failed to predict was that the West would export its culture to the rest of the world and thus grip the entire world in its death throes. Today’s post is the fourth in a six-part series reviewing the historical and current context of education in Pakistan.

These posts include:IntroductionAncient India – Hindu and Buddhist InfluencesIslamic InfluencesBritish Influences (this post)A Separate NationEducation in Present-Day PakistanSome of the information in this series is drawn from the book, “Going to School in South Asia.

One very helpful book is The New Testament world: insights from cultural anthropology by Bruce J. Malina (Call number: BSS55 M34 ) Or, having observed that Luke focuses upon a woman, you could look at one of the many.

Philippines - Philippines - Cultural life: Philippine society is a unique blend of diversity and homogeneity. Although geographically part of Southeast Asia, the country is culturally strongly Euro-American.

Forces of assimilation have constantly worked to overcome cultural differences between the various ethnic groups that are scattered—sometimes in relative isolation—throughout the. The word culture can refer to everything from bacterial cultures to being educated and knowledgeable.

However, the most common definition of culture, and the one that tends to come up when discussing education, is the shared beliefs, values and practices of a group of people.

Like sindhis and Punjabis obviously have a language difference. Traditional family values are known every where in this multicultural environment. The rural areas of Pakistan are still dominated by their own tribal customs dating back hundreds of years. Today due to globalization, Pakistani culture is largely influenced by the western society.

Cultural factors are similarly dynamic, both in influence and in the forms they take. As James Clifford wrote, ‘“cultures” do not hold still for their portraits’ (, 10), and as such the influence of culture on individual and global politics requires precise thinking. Education and religion are often seen to be incompatible.

There is an underlying notion inside the liberal education establishment that religious belief is backwards and contrary to enlightenment.

Schools have long been viewed as gateways to a glorious secular and technological future, free of religious superstition. After all, the purpose of educa. Culture of Pakistan (Urdu: ثقافتِ پاکستان ‎ S̱aqāfat-e-Pākistān) is intertwined with the culture of the broader Indian subcontinent and Central ses numerous ethnic groups: the Punjabis, Saraikis, Pothwaris, Kashmiris, Sindhis, Muhajirs, Makrani in the south; Baloch, Hazaras and Pashtuns in the west; Dards, Wakhi, Baltis, Shinaki and Burusho communities in the north.

Factors that can affect learning and development are deveined into social environmental, economic and physical factors.

Social Factors. Social factors are those which involve communication with others. Children are very sociable and mix with others in a range of situations.

Family; The family unit is a small reflection of the wider society. In Japan, through the influence of the Buddhist proscription on killing, meat was not commonly eaten until the latter part of the 19th century. Three Main Dietary Cultures of Asia. The various peoples of Asia each developed their own ethnic cuisine through the historical interaction of environment and culture.

This chapter can help you understand the political, cultural, and historical environment surrounding ''The Kite Runner.'' Use these lessons for test prep, class help, or simply to learn more about. Examine FOUR ways in which settlement patterns in the Caribbean have been influenced by the physical landscape.

( – Q1 – 20 marks) Use ONE Caribbean country as an example to show how the physical landscape has influenced selected aspects of its society and culture. ADVERTISEMENTS: To form a holistic image of India, – an attempt to understand and appreciate the role of geography and ecology in molding the character and psyche of Indians is necessary.

What we observe is a harmonious adjustment of physical and cultural environments. Further, we notice that the physical features of the subcontinent facilitating the [ ]. Ancient Middle East, history of the region from prehistoric times to the rise of civilizations in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and other areas.

The high antiquity of civilization in the Middle East is largely due to the existence of convenient land bridges and easy sea lanes passable in summer or winter, in.

FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE CURRICULUM CHANGE GAIL M. INLOW Professor of Education Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois THE purposes of education relate directly to the factors that facilitate or hinder curriculum change. These purposes are threefold: cultural transmis.

Geography affects culture through topographical features such as mountains or deserts as well as climate, which can dictate options for clothing, shelter and food. The interaction of culture and geography is called human geography, which is the study of people's language, religion, medicine, economics and entertainment and how these practices.Instead, the evolution of the U.S.

system has been shaped by many different influences, including state and local needs, demographics, religion, and changing social contexts. As a result, postsecondary institutions in the United States mirror the multifaceted complexities of the broader society in which they are embedded and the diversity of.

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